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Build a Responsive Navigation Bar Using HTML and CSS

All web developers who are new to the game want to build Responsive Navigation Bar Using HTML and CSS then This tutorial will teach you the tools you need to design your responsive navigation bars using only HTML along with CSS!

Making an adaptive navigation bar is an important component of improving your user’s experience and web design. This article will explain how to create an adaptive navigation bar by using HTML and CSS (not even the smallest bit of JavaScript! ).

If you’re a novice who’s learning front-end development and want to create the first navigation bar, then you’ve come to the right spot. However, before we go further, let’s look at the basic design principles for an adaptive navigation bar.

Prerequisites The three key elements of the Navbar

Many website owners are looking to get new customers. The first step in doing that is to provide visitors with an easy and clear route. You’re required to create an attractive navbar that entices and draws visitors in a single. There are three essential factors to consider when creating the perfect Navbar.

Simple Navigation Bar

It should be easy to read and simple to comprehend. Instead of clogging the Navbar with links to each webpage, it is better to opt for the larger categories of your website. After that, you can include sub-menus as drops downs if you need to.

Noticeable Navigation Bar

A basic navbar should not appear boring. Make sure to stick to a brand’s colour pre-decided to make your design more uniform. It is possible to experiment with a variety of shades and employ more or less dark shades for highlights and dropdown menus.

Receptive Navigation Bar

A report on global internet usage from Statista has revealed the following: 59.5 percent of the population is currently using the internet, and 92.6 percent are accessing the internet on mobile devices. This is more than enough to realize the importance of having mobile-friendly navigation on your website.

Top-level mobile navigation is well-known. It can be used with the hamburger menu as well as a guillotine, floating icons and tabs. It’s an excellent option if you have more than five categories that have different hierarchies. Top-level navigation is a great way to save area on your screen, particularly if you’ve got a heavily content-based site.

Tab bars with relevant icons are the perfect option for the bottom navigation bar since they typically comprise up to 5 menus on the same hierarchy. Submenus and sequential menus are the primary category and are based on an underlying parent-child connection.

Designing a responsive navigation bar with a Hamburger Menu Hamburger Menu

After the design guidelines are evident in your mind, we can begin to build the menu. We’ll build an adaptive navbar with CSS Flexbox as well as Media Queries from scratch.

What do we expect our Navbar to appear like? It’ll feature top-level navigation:

Logo

Navigation Menus

Dropdown Menu

Hamburger Menu (using Checkbox hack)

Starting with HTML

MUO

The dropdown menu will be placed within the main menu. (main) menu. You can bypass the hamburger menu and instead build the desktop navigation bar. We aren’t even discussing the workflow for checkboxes.

Basic CSS: Utilities

*/ UTILITIES

* {

margin: 0;

padding: 0;

box-sizing: border-box;

}

body{

font-family: cursive;

}

{a A

text-decoration: none;

}

{li Li

list-style: none;

}

As we move ahead, let’s redesign our navigation bar.

Responsive Navigation Bar

Styling the Navbar with CSS Flexbox

We’ll use CSS Flexbox and apply hover effects to highlight. The menus for service require more attention since you need to set display: no in normal conditions. You can also change it to display: block when someone hovers over it.

* NAVBAR STYLING STARTS

.navbar {

display: flex;

align-items: center;

justify-content: space-between;

padding: 20px;

background-color: teal;

color: #fff;

}

.nav-links {a an

color: #fff;

}

* LOGO */

.logo {

font-size: 32px;

}

* NAVBAR MENU */

.menu {

display: flex;

gap: 1em;

font-size: 18px;

}

.menu li:hover {

background-color: #4c9e9e;

border-radius: 5px;

transition: 0.3s ease;

}

.menu li {

padding: 5px 14px;

}

*DROPDOWN MENU //

.services {

position: relative;

}

.dropdown {

background-color: rgb(1, 139, 139);

padding: 1em 0;

Position: absolute; *WITH RESPECT FOR PARENTS*position: absolute; /*WITH RESPECT TO PARENTS/

display: none;

border-radius: 8px;

top: 35px;

}

.dropdown li + li {

margin-top: 10px;

}

.dropdown {li Li

padding: 0.5em 1em;

width: 8em;

text-align: center;

}

.dropdown li:hover {

background-color: #4c9e9e;

}

.services:hover .dropdown {

display: block;

}

Responsive Navbar using CSS Media Queries

As we’ve discussed, we’ll have hamburger menus that will only be available on devices with smaller screens. To do this, we’ll be using two children.

  • . In the beginning, we’ll make use of an input type=” checkbox” and assign the label class=” hamburger.” We’ll also give the navigator menu class=”menu.”

Be aware that this is An HTML entity that shows an icon (hamburger symbol.)

MUO

The reason for using the checkbox is that it’ll show as none if the checkbox is unchecked. However, when selected, it’ll alter its CSS attribute of the sibling selector general () by changing the property to show: Block. In simple terms that we’re using the checkbox to toggle the hamburger and navigation menus between hidden and expanded states.

Design the Navbar to be compatible with mobile devices by using CSS media queries, as illustrated below. In this instance, you can also apply CSS grids and JS for your mobile-friendly menu.

*RESPONSIVE NAVBAR MENU Starts*/

* CHECKBOX HACK */

input[type=checkbox]{

display: none;

}

/*HAMBURGER MENU*/

.hamburger {

display: none;

font-size: 24px;

user-select: none;

}

* Applying MEDIA QUALITIES */

@media (max-width: 768px) {

.menu {

display:none;

position: absolute;

background-color:teal;

right: 0;

left: 0;

text-align: center;

padding: 16px 0;

}

.menu li:hover {

display: inline-block;

background-color:#4c9e9e;

transition: 0.3s ease;

}

.menu li + li {

margin-top: 12px;

}

input[type=checkbox]:checked ~ .menu{

display: block;

}

.hamburger {

display: block;

}

.dropdown {

left: 50%;

top: 30px;

transform: translateX(35%);

}

.dropdown li:hover {

background-color: #4c9e9e;

}

}

It is best to experiment to Come up with your ideal navigation Bar

Well-designed website navigation greatly affects bounce rates as well as conversion rates. In essence, the top fold of your site should include an obvious context, hierarchical navigation, and a call to action. Your navigational structure on your site should allow visitors to access the most popular or trending pages on your website within three steps or less. Keep on trying and designing better site navigation!

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Asad Rafique
Asad Rafiquehttps://motive-tips.com
As a website developer, my primary aim is to develop such websites that not only look good but also sell to generate business leads for my customers. I have years of experience in multiple website-related services like ✓ Website Design and Development ✓ API Integrations ✓ Laraval - Dashboard Development ✓ Mobile Responsive Website Development Including tailored services to meet my clients' requirements. The thing which makes me different from the rest is that I work for my client satisfaction rather than earning big profits.
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